The agriculture sector has been in decline.However, given the global population growth and concerns about the environment, there is growing demand for R&D. Whilst research has been largely academic in recent years there is a growing drive to transfer this to practical application of new knowledge. Some areas include the development of resilient seeds; reducing the ecological impact of farming systems; developing productive soils; mitigation of bacteria; and increasing resilience of food system to manage changing climates. Additionally, work is being undertaken on improving the nutritional quality of crops through new technologies e.g. biofortification; energy generation from waste; and adoption of technologies such as satellite imagery and remote sensing to reduce the environmental footprint for the sector.
Examples of eligible R&D activities:
- Determining how or why specific genetic traits are expressed;
- Determining how or why certain environmental variables influence trait expression;
- Enhancing a technological process in plant breeding with advanced features;
- Developing new techniques to increase yield and/or production efficiency;
- Developing technology to protect crops from disease;
- Developing new feeds for livestock to increase yield;
- Extending knowledge of treatment and management of farm waste in energy efficiency manner;
- Creating new cleaning processes to achieve an appreciable improvement in biosecurity.